Sheet Metal Manufacturing Processes - Steel Production

Course Type: 

OnLine Course

List price: $50.00


It is important for the metalforming professional to understand the steelmaking process. The making and rolling of steel determines how the workpiece will behave under forming, how it will respond to stress, and what the metal's strain characteristics will be.

Steelmaking is the process of melting iron and its components into a molten form and shaping it into slabs, beams, or billets at a foundry. After the foundry, the steel is transferred to a rolling mill where it is hot rolled or cold rolled to shape it into desired form and thickness. The mill may also do annealing to remove residual stresses and treat the product for corrosion resistance.

Steelmaking has undergone a number of changes in recent history to meet political and social demands and because of advances in technology. As you can imagine, foundry and milling operations require tremendous amounts of energy. As a result, emission of gasses and energy efficiency are issues the industry continues to address. Steelmaking byproducts also must be handled appropriately, Byproducts include slag, contact water, oil, grease, and mill scale.

Molten steel is produced in one of two types of facilities: an integrated steel mill using a blast furnace and a basic oxygen furnace or a "mini-mill" using an electric arc furnace. In either route, molten steel is solidified into a slab, and rolled down to the ordered thickness using controlled reductions at specific temperatures. Each step has some influence on the final properties.

What You Will Learn: 

This course introduces you to the significant aspects of steelmaking and its influence on the properties of sheet metal. We cover the process from the introduction of minerals at the furnace to the production of the final sheet products. You will learn about the following operations:

  • Cokemaking
  • Ironmaking
  • Steelmaking with a Basic Oxide Furnace (BOF)
  • Steel production from scrap metals at mini-mills
  • Casting
  • Hot rolling
  • Cold rolling
  • Annealing
  • Galvanizing